In English grammar, Adverb Clause is one of the three parts of a Subordinate Clause. There are three main types of clauses: Independent Clause (Principal Clause), Co-ordinate Clause, and Dependent Clause (Subordinate Clause). Dependent Clause is further divided into Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, and Adverb Clause. In this post, we will discuss “Adverb Clauses” in detail.
Meaning & Definition
Adverb Clause : क्रिया-विशेषण उपवाक्य (Adverb Clause) वह उपवाक्य होता है जो वाक्य में क्रिया-विशेषण (Adverb) का कार्य करता है।
These clauses modify or describe a verb, adjective, or adverb within a sentence.
उदाहरण के लिए-
- He passed because he worked hard. (इस वाक्य में “Because he worked hard” Adverb Clause है क्योंकि यह कारण (Reason) प्रकट करती है।)
- He came after I had slept. (“इस वाक्य में After I had slept” Adverb Clause है क्योंकि इससे समय (Time) प्रकट होता है।)
Adverb Clause द्वारा समय (Time), स्थान (Place), शर्त (Condition), प्रभाव (Effect), कारण (Reason), कार्यविधि (Manner), तुलना (Comparison) तथा रिआयत (Concession) आदि भाव प्रकट होते हैं; जैसे-
- When he came, father was reading a paper. (Time)
- He may sit wherever he likes. (Place)
- If it rains, I shall not go out. (Condition)
- She is so tired that she cannot work. (Effect)
- I could not work as I was ill. (Reason)
- Do as you please. (Manner)
- You are older than you look. (Comparison)
- Though he is rich, he is not proud. (Concession)
उपर्युक्त वाक्यों में गहरे रंग के शब्दों से Adverb clauses व्यक्त हो रही हैं।
Examples of Adverb Clauses
- My cousins, though they told us that they would not come for the movie, they somehow made it.
- He remembered, after he left the office, that he had not sent the EOD report.
- Ramya, since she was not keeping well, decided not to go to work today and tomorrow.
- She will visit her grandparents when she gets a break from work.
- I will go for a walk if the weather is nice.
- He left early so that he could catch the train.
- If you work hard, you will be able to score good grades.
- In case you like it, let us know.
- Although they drove really fast, they could not reach there in time.
- Before you make your decision, make sure you think this through.
- As soon as you meet her, call me.
- The dog got so comfortable with my brother after he cuddled her for a while.
- We felt time was very slow because we were sitting idly.
Types of Adverb Clause
Adverb Clauses can be classified into different types based on their functions or the subordinating conjunctions that introduce them. Here are some common types of Adverb Clauses:
Time Clauses: These Adverb Clauses indicate when or for how long an action takes place. Examples include “before she left,” “after they arrived,” or “while I was sleeping.”
Place Clauses: These Adverb Clauses indicate where an action takes place. Examples include “wherever you go,” “in the park,” or “at the beach.”
Manner Clauses: These Adverb Clauses describe how an action is done. Examples include “as if nothing happened,” “in a hurry,” or “like a professional.”
Reason Clauses: These Adverb Clauses indicate why an action occurs. Examples include “because she was tired,” “since he was late,” or “as he didn’t study.”
Condition Clauses: These Adverb Clauses express a condition under which an action will occur. Examples include “if it rains,” “unless you come,” or “provided that you finish on time.”
Purpose Clauses: These Adverb Clauses indicate the purpose or intention behind an action. Examples include “so that she can learn,” “in order to succeed,” or “to help others.”
Result Clauses: These Adverb Clauses indicate the consequence or result of an action. Examples include “so that it broke,” “such that everyone applauded,” or “enough to satisfy everyone.”
Frequently Asked Questions on Adverb Clause
What is an Adverb Clause?
An Adverb Clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It provides additional information about the verb, adjective, or adverb in the main clause, indicating aspects such as time, place, reason, condition, purpose, or manner.
How do you identify an Adverb Clause?
Adverb Clauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions such as “when,” “where,” “while,” “since,” “because,” “if,” “although,” “unless,” and many others. They often answer questions like when, where, why, how, or under what conditions.
What is the function of an Adverb Clause?
The main function of an Adverb Clause is to modify the verb, adjective, or adverb in the main clause, providing additional information about time, place, manner, condition, reason, purpose, or concession. It helps to clarify the circumstances or conditions under which the action or event in the main clause takes place.