In English grammar, Adjective Clause is one of the three parts of a Subordinate Clause. There are three main types of clauses: Principal Clause (Independent Clause), Co-ordinate Clause, and Subordinate Clause (Dependent Clause). Subordinate Clause is further divided into Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, and Adverb Clause. In this post, we will discuss “Adjective Clauses” in detail.
Meaning & Definition
Adjective Clause : विशेषण उपवाक्य (Adjective clause) वाक्य में विशेषण (Adjective) का कार्य करता है।
These clauses qualify or describe a noun within a sentence.
उदाहरण के लिए-
- We love them who love us. (इस वाक्य में “Who love us” Adjective Clause है । यह Principal Clause के Pronoun ‘them’ की विशेषता प्रकट करती है।)
- I know the man who came here yesterday. (इस वाक्य में “Who came here yesterday” Adjective Clause है जो Principal Clause के Noun “man” की विशेषता प्रकट करती है।
- The fort which is in Agra, was built by Akbar.
अंतिम वाक्य में निम्नलिखित दो Clauses हैं-
- The fort was built by Akbar. (Principal clause)
- Which is in Agra. (Adjective clause, Qualifying the noun ‘fort‘ in clause)
इस वाक्य में “Which is in Agra” नामक Adjective Clause के कारण Principal Clause “The fort was built by Akbar” दो भागों में विभाजित है।
Adjective Clause विशेषण उपवाक्य-Who, Which, Whose, That आदि Relative Pronouns से तथा When, Where, Why, How आदि Relative Adverb से बनती है।
Examples of Adjective Clauses
- The house, which is painted blue, belongs to my friend.
- The girl who won the singing competition is my sister.
- I saw a movie that was based on a true story.
- We did not find any cafe that sold vegetarian momos.
- The book that I borrowed from the library is very interesting.
- The woman who lives next door is a doctor.
- The car, which is parked outside, belongs to my friend.
- I saw a movie that was filmed in my hometown.
- The house where they grew up is now abandoned.
- She bought a dress that is made of silk.
- The dog, whose tail is wagging, seems friendly.
- He married a woman whom he met at work.
- I visited the city that my grandparents used to live in.
- She is wearing a necklace that her grandmother gave her.
Frequently Asked Questions on Adjective Clause
What is an Adjective Clause?
An Adjective Clause is a type of dependent clause that functions as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun. It provides additional information about the noun or pronoun it modifies.
How do you identify an Adjective Clause?
Adjective Clauses are introduced by relative pronouns (such as who, whom, whose, which, or that) or relative adverbs (such as where, when, or why). They usually come immediately after the noun or pronoun they modify.
What is the function of an Adjective Clause?
The main function of an Adjective Clause is to provide more information about a noun or pronoun. It adds descriptive or identifying details, giving a clearer picture of the noun or pronoun in the sentence.