In this article of English Grammar, we explore the concept of independent clauses, their crucial role in sentence structure, and their ability to stand alone as complete thoughts. So let’s get started learning independent clauses.
Independent Clause – Meaning & Definition
स्वतंत्र उपवाक्य (Independent Clause) को मुख्य उपवाक्य (Principal Clause) भी कहते हैं, Independent Clause वह उपवाक्य है जिससे पूर्ण भाव प्रकट हो। यह Clause अपना भाव प्रकट करने के लिए किसी अन्य Clause पर आश्रित नहीं होती है; जैसे-
- Hari said that Akbar was a good king. (इस वाक्य में Hari said स्वतंत्र उपवाक्य है।)
- Do you know where Mr. Gupta lives? (इस वाक्य में Do you know? स्वतंत्र उपवाक्य है।)
An independent clause, also known as a main clause, this type of clause can stand alone as a complete sentence because it expresses a complete thought. It contains a subject (the doer of the action) and a predicate (the action or state of being).
- I went to the park.
- She sings beautifully.
In the first sentence, “I” is the subject, and “went to the park” is the predicate. The independent clause forms a complete thought and can function as a standalone sentence.
Independent clauses are different from dependent clauses, which cannot stand alone as complete sentences. They often require the support of an independent clause to form a complete thought.
Frequently Asked Questions From Independent Clause
What is the difference between an independent clause and a dependent clause?
An independent clause can stand alone as a complete sentence because it expresses a complete thought and contains both a subject and a predicate. It can function independently, conveying a clear message. On the other hand, a dependent clause does not form a complete sentence by itself and relies on an independent clause to provide additional information or complete the thought.
Can an independent clause be combined with other clauses?
Yes, independent clauses can be combined with other independent clauses, dependent clauses, or phrases to create more complex sentences. These combinations allow for the development of ideas, relationships between different parts of the sentence, and the expression of more intricate thoughts.
How can I identify an independent clause in a sentence?
To identify an independent clause, look for a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought. It should be able to stand alone as a sentence without needing additional information. One way to test if a clause is independent is to see if it makes sense on its own. If it does, then it is likely an independent clause.