Interjections – Definition, Usage and Examples in English Grammar

Do you know what lies at the heart of lively conversations? It’s the power of interjections! In this engaging post, we’ll delve into the fascinating realm of interjections and uncover their significance in our everyday language.


What is an Interjection?

विस्मयसूचक शब्द (Interjection) वह शब्द है जो अचानक हृदय से निकलने वाले उद्गारों को प्रकट करता है।

An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feelings.

For Example:

  • Hurrah! we have won the match.
  • Alas! she is dead.

उपर्युक्त वाक्यों में Hurrah और Alas – Interjection हैं।

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़िए-

  1. Hurrah ! Our side has won.
  2. Alas! Our side has lost.
  3. Hush ! I hear someone coming.
  4. Bravo, Sachin ! Well hit.
  5. Oh! I got such a fright.
  6. Hallo, Kapil ! How are you?
  7. Ah! That’s the excuse every lazy boy makes.
  8. Oh! What a beautiful rose.
  9. Hello ! What are you doing there?
  10. Alas! He is dead.
  11. Ah! Have they gone?
  12. Hush ! Don’t make a noise.

ऊपर लिखे हुए वाक्यों में से प्रत्येक वाक्य ऐसे शब्द से आरम्भ हुआ है जो हृदय की भावना को प्रकट करता है।

  • Hurrah!, नामक शब्द आनन्द प्रकट करने के लिए किये जाने वाले शोर का बोधक है।
  • Alas !, नामक शब्द दुःख प्रकट करने वाली आवाज का द्योतक है।

ऐसे शब्दों को विस्मयादिबोधक अव्यय (Interjection) कहते हैं।

Definition of Interjection

परिभाषा– विस्मयादिबोधक अव्यय (Interjection) वह शब्द होता है जिसका प्रयोग केवल हृदय में एकदम उठने वाले उद्गारों या भावनाओं को प्रकट करने के लिए किया जाता है।

An Interjection is a word used merely to express some sudden feelings of the mind.

Interjection लैटिन भाषा के दो शब्दों – Inter और Jactus से मिलकर बना है। Inter का अर्थ है- मध्य, और Jactus का अर्थ है- फेंका हुआ। अतः Interjection ऐसा शब्द है जो वाक्य में डाल दिया गया हो और जो वाक्य का आवश्यक अंग न हो।

Some Rules to Use Interjection

RULE 1: प्रायः एक ही शब्द को भिन्न-भिन्न भावनाओं को प्रकट करने के लिए प्रयुक्त कर लिया जाता है; जैसे-

  1. Oh! What a wicked lie !

यहाँ पर Oh! का प्रयोग घृणापूर्ण, रोष, क्रोध या तिरस्कार के लिए किया गया है।

  1. Oh! What a lovely child !

यहाँ पर Oh! का प्रयोग प्रशंसा तथा आनन्द प्रकट करने के लिए किया गया है।

  1. Oh! The child will be run over

यहाँ पर Oh! का प्रयोग भय, संकट और चिन्ता प्रकट करने के लिए किया गया है।

RULE 2: Hurrah! तथा Hazza! से आनन्द (Joy) प्रकट होता है।

For Example:

  1. Hurrah! We won the game!
  2. Hazza! The exam results are out, and I passed with flying colors!
  3. Hurrah! It’s the weekend, and I can finally relax.
  4. Hazza! I got accepted into my dream university!

RULE 3: Alas ! से दुःख (Grief) प्रकट होता है।

For Example:

  1. Alas! The beautiful old building was destroyed in the fire.
  2. Alas! I failed the exam despite studying so hard.
  3. Alas! The concert tickets are sold out, and I really wanted to go.
  4. Alas! The rain ruined our plans for a picnic in the park.

RULE 4: Ha! तथा What से आश्चर्य (Surprise) प्रकट होता है।

For Example:

  1. Ha! I knew I would win the bet!
  2. What! You’ve never been to Paris? It’s an incredible city!
  3. Ha! That joke was hilarious!
  4. What! You’re telling me you won the lottery?

RULE 5: Bravo ! से अनुमोदन (Approval) प्रकट होता है।

For Example:

  1. Bravo! That was an outstanding performance on the piano.
  2. The artist finished the painting in record time. Bravo!
  3. Bravo to the team for winning the championship!
  4. She delivered a powerful speech. Bravo for her confidence!
  5. Bravo! You successfully completed the marathon.
  6. The chef prepared a delicious meal. Bravo for the culinary skills!

RULE 6: Ah me! For shame! Well done ! Good gracious ! आदि शब्द समूहों (Groups of words) का प्रयोग हृदय के तीव्र उद्गारों (Feeling or emotion) को प्रकट करने के लिए होता है।

For Example:

  1. Ah me! I can’t believe I forgot my keys again.
  2. For shame! How could you cheat on the test?
  3. Well done! You completed the project ahead of schedule.
  4. Good gracious! Look at the size of that cake!
  5. Ah me! I’m so tired after a long day at work.
  6. For shame! You should apologize for your rude behavior.
  7. Well done! Your performance in the play was outstanding.
  8. Good gracious! I didn’t expect to see you here.
  9. Ah me! I spilled coffee all over my new shirt.
  10. For shame! You should have helped the person in need.
  11. Well done! You aced the math exam.
  12. Good gracious! The fireworks display was breathtaking.

Interjection के अन्त में सम्बोधन का चिन्ह (!) प्रयोग किया जाता है। विराम चिन्हों के प्रयोग (Punctuation) के लिए Interjection और उससे सम्बन्धित चिन्ह (Mark of Exclamation) ज्ञान होना अत्यन्त आवश्यक है।

Frequently Asked Questions on Interjections in English Grammar

  1. What is an interjection?
    An interjection is a part of speech that expresses strong emotions or sudden bursts of feelings in a sentence. It is typically used as a standalone word or phrase and is often punctuated with an exclamation mark.
  2. What are some common examples of interjections?
    Some common examples of interjections include “Wow!”, “Oh!”, “Oops!”, “Yay!”, “Alas!”, “Bravo!”, “Hey!”, “Well!”, and “Oh no!”.
  3. What purpose do interjections serve in language?
    Interjections serve to add emotion, emphasis, and spontaneity to our conversations. They express a wide range of feelings, such as surprise, joy, frustration, admiration, or disappointment, and help convey the speaker’s immediate reaction to a situation or event.
  4. Can interjections be used in formal writing?
    While interjections are more commonly used in informal or spoken language, they can occasionally be used in formal writing to add impact or convey a specific tone. However, it is important to use them judiciously and consider the appropriate context.
  5. Are interjections language-specific?
    Interjections exist in many languages and can vary across different cultures and regions. While some interjections may have similar meanings and sounds in different languages, others may be unique to a particular language or culture.

In summary, Interjections are expressive words or phrases that convey strong emotions or reactions. They add emphasis and spontaneity to our language, allowing us to express surprise, joy, frustration, and more. From “Wow!” to “Oh no!”, interjections bring life and authenticity to our conversations.

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